The ovaries are a pair of small organs that are contained in the female reproductive system. These are the organs that release eggs once a month for fertilization, a process referred to as fertilization. Ovarian cancer is cancer that affects these two organs. See what does ovarian cancer look like at www.drjenniferashton.com/ovarian-cancer-pictures/.
Different types of ovarian cancer affect different parts of the ovaries. The most common type is epithelial ovarian cancer, which is a type of cancer that affects the surface layers of the ovary. It is the most consistent cancer and thus most of the research done on ovarian cancer is based on it. Ovarian cancer usually starts at the ovaries. If it goes undetected, it may spread within the pelvis and the abdomen. In such a late stage, cancer may prove to be very difficult. It is often fatal.
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is not known. However, there are certain things that are thought to increase the risk of a woman contracting this type of condition. These things include the age of the woman, the number of eggs that her ovaries release and whether a person in the family has contracted ovarian cancer or breast cancer in the past. However, it is possible that some ovarian cancer cases have a genetic link.
In its earlier stages, ovarian cancer rarely causes symptoms to occur. In its advanced stage, it may cause some symptoms that are usually non-specific and may be mistaken for more common benign conditions such as irritable bowel and constipation. Signs of ovarian cancer may include weight loss, discomfort in the pelvic area, abdominal swelling and change in bowel habits.
Treatment received for ovarian cancer will depend on a number of things. One of these things is the stage of your cancer and the other is your overall health. The main treatment of this type of cancer is chemotherapy. However, most treatment usually involves a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. The surgery often involves removal of both ovaries and the fallopian tubes or removing the whole womb. It may also involve the removal of the momentum, which is a fatty layer tissue within the abdomen.
Another form of treatment that may be used is radiotherapy. This is a procedure that uses high-energy x-rays. It works by targeting the cancerous cells. It is not common for this procedure to be used for the treatment of ovarian cancer, but it may be recommended under very specific circumstances.